Department of Geography and Resource Management (GRM), The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Prof. LEE Fung, Harry

Faculty Member

Prof. LEE Fung, Harry

Associate Professor

B.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. (HKU)

(852) 3943-8478


From Macro-general to Micro-contextual: Scaling Climate-conflict Nexus in Historical Agrarian China, Principal Investigator, General Research Fund, Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, 01/2016 – 06/2017, HK$ 343,512.

Climate Change, Population Growth, and Population Cycles in Historical Agrarian China: The influence of Spatial Scale and Regional Geographic Context, Principal Investigator, General Research Fund, Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, 01/2014 – 06/2016, HK$ 492,500.

The Causal Mechanism of Drought in Northwestern China over the Past Millennium, Principal Investigator, Early Career Scheme, Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, 01/2013 – 06/2015, HK$ 452,000.


LEE, H.F.*, Jia, X.*, and Ji, B. (2022) Population, wars, and the Grand Canal in Chinese history. Sustainability 14(12): 7006. DOI: 10.3390/su14127006

Tang, S., LEE, H.F., Huang, X.*, and Zhou, J.* (2022) Poverty stories of rural households in China: The case of North Jiangsu. Journal of Rural Studies 91: 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2022.02.010

Huang, T., Zhu, Y., Rosenfeld, D., Yang, Y., Lam, D., Leung, W.H., LEE, H.F., Cheng, J.C.H., and Yim, S.H.L.* (2022) Regime-dependent impacts of aerosol particles and updrafts on the cloud concentration nuclei and the enhanced warm rain suppression: Evidence from synergistic satellite and LiDAR observations. Geophysical Research Letters 49(3): e2021GL097315. DOI: 10.1029/2021GL097315

LEE, H.F.* (2022) Did hydro-climatic extremes, positive checks, and economic fluctuations modulate the epidemics breaks in late imperial China? Human Ecology 50(1): 113-123. DOI: 10.1007/s10745-021-00272-7

LEE, H.F.* (2022) Historical climate-war nexus in the eyes of geographers. Asian Geographer 39(1): 93-112. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2020.1768571

Tang, S., LEE, H.F., and Feng, J.* (2022) Social capital, built environment, and mental health: A comparison between the local elderly and the ‘Laopiao’ in urban China. Ageing & Society 42(1): 179-203. DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X2000077X

Pei, Y., Pei, Q.*, LEE, H.F., Qiu, M., and Yang, Y. (2022) Epidemics in pre-industrial Europe: Impacts of climate change, economic well-being, and population. Anthropocene 37: 100317. DOI: 10.1016/j.ancene.2021.100317

Li, Z., Ho, K.F., Dong, G., LEE, H.F., and Yim, S.H.L.* (2022) A novel approach for assessing the spatiotemporal trend of health risk from ambient particulate matter components: Case of Hong Kong. Environmental Research 204(Part A): 111866. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111866

Wong, D.W.H., Zhao, S.X., and LEE, H.F.* (2021) Air transport, economic growth, and regional inequality across three Chinese macro-regions. Geographical Research. DOI: 10.1111/1745-5871.12511

Jia, X.*, Li, H.*, LEE, H.F., Liu, Z., Lu, Y., Hu, Z., Sun, X., and Zhao, Z. (2021) Agricultural adaptations to topography and climate changes in Central China during the mid-late Holocene. Holocene 31(11-12): 1705-1715. DOI: 10.1177/09596836211033201

Qiang, W., Lin, Z., Zhu, P., Wu, K., and LEE, H.F.* (2021) Shrinking cities, urban expansion, and air pollution in China: A spatial econometric analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production 324: 129308. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021

Huang, T., Li, Y., Cheng, J.C.H., Haywood, J., Hon, K.K., Lam, D.H.Y., Lee, O.S.M., Lolli, S., O’Connor, E.J., LEE, H.F., Wang, M., and Yim, S.H.L.* (2021) Assessing transboundary-local aerosols interaction over complex terrain using a Doppler LiDAR network. Geophysical Research Letters 48(12): e2021GL093238. DOI: 10.1029/2021GL093238

Jia, X.*, Wang, S.*, Sun, Y., Li, Y., Jiao, Y., Zhao, Z., and Lee, H.F. (2021) Charcoal evidence for environmental change around 3.5 ka and its influence on ancient people in the West Liao River Basin of northeastern China. Quaternary Research 102: 142-152. DOI:10.1017/qua.2020.120

Yue, R.P.H.* and LEE, H.F.* (2021) The delayed effect of cooling reinforced the NAO-plague connection in pre-industrial Europe. Science of The Total Environment 762: 143122. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143122

LEE, H.F.* and Yue, R.P.H. (2020) Ocean/atmosphere interaction and Malthusian catastrophes in the northern fringe of the Asian summer monsoon region in China, 1368–1911. Journal of Quaternary Science 35(7): 974-986. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.3232

Zhang, D.D.*, Pei, Q.*, LEE, H.F., Jim, C.Y., Li, G., Zhang, M., Li, J., Wu, Z., Wang, L., Yue, R.P., Zhang, S. (2020) Climate change fostered cultural dynamics of human resilience in Europe in the past 2500 years. Science of The Total Environment 744: 140842. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140842

Yang, L.*, Shi, Z., Zhang, S., and LEE, H.F.* (2020) Climate change, geopolitics, and human settlements in the Hexi Corridor over the last 5,000 years. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 94(3): 612-623. DOI: 10.1111/1755-6724.14529

Qiang, W., LEE, H.F.*, Lin, Z., and Wong, D.W.H. (2020) Revisiting the impact of vehicle emissions and other contributors to air pollution in urban built-up areas: A dynamic spatial econometric analysis. Science of The Total Environment 740: 140098. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140098

Wong, D.W.H., LEE, H.F.*, Zhao, S.X., and Pei, Q. (2020) Region-specific determinants of the foreign direct investment in China. Geographical Research 58(2): 126-140. DOI: 10.1111/1745-5871.12398

Yue, R.P.H.* and LEE, H.F.* (2020) Examining the direct and indirect effect of climatic variables on plague dynamics. Atmosphere 11: 388. DOI: 10.3390/atmos11040388

Wu, C.Y.H.*, LEE, H.F., and Liu, H. (2020) Effect of temperature and precipitation change on crime in the metropolitan area in Virginia, USA. Asian Geographer 37(1): 17-31. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2019.1678046

Yue, R.P.H.* and LEE, H.F.* (2020) Drought-induced spatio-temporal synchrony of plague outbreak in Europe. Science of The Total Environment 698: 134138. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134138

LEE, H.F.* (2019) Cannibalism in northern China between 1470 and 1911. Regional Environmental Change 19(8): 2573-2581. DOI: 10.1007/s10113-019-01572-x

Liu, F., Li, H., Cui, Y., Yang, Y., LEE, H.F.*, Ding, D., Hou, Y., and Dong, G.* (2019) Chronology and plant utilization from the earliest walled settlement in the Hexi Corridor, northwestern China. Radiocarbon 61(4): 971-989. DOI:10.1017/RDC.2019.57

LEE, H.F.* and Boccalatte, M. (2019) Food safety in China from North American and European perspectives. Asian Geographer 36(2): 143-164. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2018.1527237

贾鑫*,李峯*,崔梦淳,程国权,赵阳,丁宏,余柏康,鹿化煜 (2019) 河湟谷地藏族和其他主要民族分布的地理环境特征及其生产方式差异. 中国科学:地球科学 49(4): 706-716. DOI: 10.1360/N072018-00088

Pei, Q.*, LEE, H.F., Zhang, D.D., and Fei, J. (2019) Climate change, state capacity and nomad–agriculturalist conflicts in Chinese history. Quaternary International 508: 36-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.10.022

Jia, X.*, LEE, H.F.*, Cui, M., Cheng, G., Zhao, Y., Dong, H., Yue, R.P.H., and Lu, H. (2019) Differentiations of geographic distribution and subsistence strategies between Tibetan and other major ethnic groups are determined by the physical environment in Hehuang Valley. Science China Earth Sciences 62(2): 412-422. DOI: 10.1007/s11430-018-9301-5

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., Brecke, P., and Pei, Q. (2019) Climate change, population pressure, and wars in European history. Asian Geographer 36(1): 29-45. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2018.1544085

LEE, H.F.* (2018) Measuring the effect of climate change on wars in history. Asian Geographer 35(2): 123-142. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2018.1504807

LEE, H.F.* (2018) Internal wars in history: Triggered by natural disasters or socio-ecological catastrophes? The Holocene 28(7): 1071-1081. DOI: 10.1177/0959683618761549

Yue, R.P.H.* and LEE, H.F.* (2018) Pre-industrial plague transmission is mediated by the synergistic effect of temperature and aridity index. BMC Infectious Diseases 18: 134. DOI: 10.1186/s12879-018-3045-5

Pei, Q.*, LEE, H.F., and Zhang, D.D. (2018) Long-term association between climate change and agriculturalists’ migration in historical China. The Holocene 28(2): 208-216. London: Sage. DOI: 10.1177/0959683617721325

Yue, R.P.H.* and LEE, H.F.* (2018) Climate change and plague in European history. Science China Earth Sciences 61(2): 163-177. DOI: 10.1007/s11430-017-9127-x

余柏康*,李峯* (2018) 欧洲历史中的气候变化与鼠疫. 中国科学:地球科学 48(2): 165-180. DOI: 10.1360/N072017-00101

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., Pei, Q., Jia, X., and Yue, R.P.H. (2017) Quantitative analysis of the impact of droughts and floods on internal wars in China over the last 500 years. Science China Earth Sciences 60(12): 2078-2088. DOI: 10.1007/s11430-017-9084-0

李峯*,章典,裴卿,贾鑫,余柏康 (2017) 中国近五百年旱涝灾害与内乱之关系的定量分析. 中国科学:地球科学 47(12): 1395-1405. DOI: 10.1360/N072017-00084

Chen, Y.*, LEE H.F., Wang, K.*, Pei, Q., and Zou, J. (2017) Synergy between virtual local air pollutants and greenhouse gases emissions embodied in China’s international trade. Journal of Resources and Ecology 8(6): 571-583. DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2017.06.003

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., Li, J., and LEE, H.F. (2017) Proxy-based Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction for the mid-to-late Holocene. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 130(3-4): 1043-1053. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-016-1932-5

Yue, R.P.H.*, LEE, H.F.*, and Wu, C.Y.H. (2017) Trade routes and plague transmission in pre-industrial Europe. Scientific Reports 7: 12973. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-13481-2

Zhao, Y., Jia, X.*, LEE, H.F.*, Zhao, H., Cai, S., and Huang, X. (2017) Relationship between ancient bridges and population dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin, China. PLoS ONE 12(8): e0182560. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182560

Jia, X.*, LEE, H.F., Cui, M., Liu, C., Zeng, L., Yue, R.P.H., Zhao, Y., and Lu, H. (2017) Habitat variability and ethnic diversity in northern Tibetan Plateau. Scientific Reports 7: 918. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-01008-8

Yue, R.P.H.*, LEE, H.F., and Hart, M.A. (2017) Perceptions of visibility degradation in Hong Kong. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 60(6): 1073-1091. DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2016.1197826

Li, J.*, Dodson, J.*, Yan, H.*, Zhang, D.D., Zhang, X., Xu, Q., LEE, H.F., Pei, Q., Cheng, B., Li, C., Ni, J., Sun, A., Lu, F., and Zong, Y. (2017) Quantifying climatic variability in monsoonal northern China over the last 2200 years and its role in driving Chinese dynastic changes. Quaternary Science Reviews 159: 35-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.01.009

LEE, H.F.*, Fei, J., Chan, C.Y.S., Pei, Q., Jia, X., and Yue, R.P.H. (2017) Climate change and epidemics in Chinese history: A multi-scalar analysis. Social Science & Medicine 174: 53-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.12.020

Jia, X.*, Yi, S., Sun, Y., Wu, S., LEE, H.F., Wang, L., and Lu, H. (2017) Spatial and temporal variations in prehistoric human settlement and their influencing factors on the south bank of the Xar Maron River, Northeastern China. Frontiers of Earth Science 11(1): 137-147. DOI: 10.1007/s11707-016-0572-5

Shi, J.*, Li, J., Zhang, D.D., Zheng, J., Shi, S., Ge, Q., LEE, H.F., Zhao, Y., Zhang, J., and Lu, H. (2017) Two centuries of April-July temperature change in eastern China and its influence on grain productivity. Science Bulletin 62(1): 40-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2016.11.005

Jia, X.*, LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, W., Wang, L., Sun, Y., Zhao, Z., Yi, S., Huang, W., and Lu, H. (2016) Human-environment interactions within the West Liao River Basin in Northeastern China during the Holocene Optimum. Quaternary International 426: 10-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.011

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., and LEE, H.F. (2016) Contextualizing human migration in different agro-ecological zones in ancient China. Quaternary International 426: 65-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.12.007

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., Pei, Q., Jia, X., and Yue, R.P.H. (2016) Demographic impact of climate change on northwestern China in the late imperial era. Quaternary International 425: 237-247. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.06.029

Yue, R.P.H.*, LEE, H.F., and Wu, C.Y.H. (2016) Navigable rivers facilitated the spread and recurrence of plague in pre-industrial Europe. Scientific Reports 6: 34867. DOI: 10.1038/srep34867

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., Pei, Q., and Fei, J. (2016) Downscaling and disaggregating NAO-conflict nexus in pre-industrial Europe. Chinese Geographical Science 26(5): 609-622. DOI: 10.1007/s11769-016-0817-y

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., LEE, H.F., and Li, G. (2016) Crop management as an agricultural adaptation to climate change in early modern era: A comparative study of Eastern and Western Europe. Agriculture 6(3): 29. DOI: 10.3390/agriculture6030029

Yue, R.P.H.*, LEE, H.F., and Hart, M.A. (2016) The human dimension of visibility degradation in a compact city. Natural Hazards 82(3): 1683-1702. DOI: 10.1007/s11069-016-2263-7

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., Li, G., Forêt, P., and LEE, H.F. (2016) Temperature and precipitation effects on agrarian economy in late imperial China. Environmental Research Letters 11(6): 064008. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064008

Jia, X.*, Sun, Y., Wang, L., Sun, W., Zhao, Z., LEE, H.F., Huang, W., Wu, S., and Lu, H. (2016) The transition of human subsistence strategies in relation to climate change during the Bronze Age in the West Liao River Basin, Northeast China. The Holocene 26(5): 781-789. DOI: 10.1177/0959683615618262

Jia, X.*, Dong, G., Wang, L., Ma, M., LEE, H.F., Zhang, Z., and Chen, F. (2016) How humans inhabited the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau during the Little Ice Age: A case study at Hualong County, Qinghai Province, China. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 7: 27-36. DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.03.036

Fei, J.*, Zhang, D.D., and LEE, H.F. (2016) 1600 AD Huaynaputina eruption (Peru), abrupt cooling, and epidemics in China and Korea. Advances in Meteorology 2016(2016): 3217038. DOI: 10.1155/2016/3217038

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., and LEE, H.F. (2015) Evaluating the effectiveness of agricultural adaptation to climate change in preindustrial society. Asian Geographer 32(2): 85-98. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2015.1034735

LEE, H.F.*, Pei, Q., Zhang, D.D., and Choi, K.P.K. (2015) Quantifying the intra-regional precipitation variability in northwestern China over the past 1,400 years. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0131693. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131693

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., and Pei, Q. (2015) Reconstruction of the geographic extent of drought anomalies in northwestern China over the last 539 years and its teleconnection with the Pacific Ocean. The Holocene 25(8): 1271-1284. DOI: 10.1177/0959683615581203

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., Li, G., and LEE, H.F. (2015) Climate change and the macroeconomic structure in pre-industrial Europe: New evidence from wavelet analysis. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0126480. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126480

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., Li, G., Winterhalder, B., and LEE, H.F. (2015) Epidemics in Ming and Qing China: Impacts of changes in climate and economic well-being. Social Science & Medicine 136-137: 73-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.05.010

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., Brecke, P., and Pei, Q. (2015) Regional geographic factors mediate the climate-war relationship in Europe. British Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 2(1): 1-28.

Zhang, D.D.*, Pei, Q., LEE, H.F., Zhang, J., Chang, C.Q., Li, B., Li, J., and Zhang, X. (2015) The pulse of imperial China: A quantitative analysis of long-term geopolitical cycle and climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24(1): 87-96. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12247

LEE, H.F.* (2014) Climate-induced agricultural shrinkage and overpopulation in late imperial China. Climate Research 59(3): 229-242. DOI: 10.3354/cr01215

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., LEE, H.F., and Li, G.D. (2014) Climate change and macro-economic cycles in pre-industrial Europe. PLoS ONE 9(2): e88155. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088155

Pei, Q.*, Zhang, D.D., Li, G.D., and LEE, H. (2013) Short- and long-term impacts of climate variations on the agrarian economy in pre-industrial Europe. Climate Research 56(2): 169-180. DOI: 10.3354/cr01145

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., Brecke, P., and Fei, J. (2013) Positive correlation between the North Atlantic Oscillation and violent conflicts in Europe. Climate Research 56(1): 1-10. DOI: 10.3354/cr01129

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2013) A tale of two population crises in recent Chinese history. Climatic Change 116(2): 285-308. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-012-0490-9

Fei, J.*, Zhang, D.D., LEE, H.F., and Hou, Y.J. (2012) Extreme dust storm disaster in northern China in AD 1523. Asian Geographer 29(2): 77-87. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2012.742614

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2012) Temperature change and natural disasters in northwestern China. Asian Geographer 29(2): 89-108. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2012.742615

Kwong, K.H.*, Chung, V.W.K., and LEE, H.F. (2012) The longitudinal assessment of preventive measures and policies for earthquake disasters in China. Asian Geographer 29(2): 109-120. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2012.742616

Lee, E.K.S.*, Fok, L., and LEE, H.F. (2012) An evaluation of Hong Kong’s tropical cyclone warning system. Asian Geographer 29(2): 131-144. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2012.742619

Zhang, D.D.*, LEE, H.F., Wang, C., Li, B., Pei, Q., Zhang, J., and An, Y. (2011) The causality analysis of climate change and large-scale human crisis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(42): 17296-17301. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1104268108

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2011) Relationship between NAO and drought disasters in northwestern China in the last millennium. Journal of Arid Environments 75(11): 1114-1120. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.06.008

Zhang, D.D.*, LEE, H.F., Wang, C., Li, B., Zhang, J., Pei, Q., and Chen, J. (2011) Climate change and large scale human population collapses in the pre-industrial era. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20(4): 520-531. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00625.x

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2010) Changes in climate and secular population cycles in China, 1000 CE to 1911. Climate Research 42(3): 235-246. DOI: 10.3354/cr00913

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2010) Natural disasters in northwestern China, AD1270 – 1949. Climate Research 41(3): 245-257. DOI: 10.3354/cr00858

Zhang, D.D.* and LEE, H.F. (2010) Climate change, food shortage and war: A quantitative case study in China during 1500 – 1800. Cartina – The International Journal of Environmental Sciences 5(1): 63-71. Egypt: The Egyptian Society for Environmental Sciences.

LEE, H.F.*, Fok, L., and Zhang, D.D. (2009) Time lag in the climate change, war, and population relationship: A quantitative analysis. Asian Geographer 26(1-2): 83-94. DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2009.9684145

LEE, H.F.*, Zhang, D.D., and Fok, L. (2009) Temperature, aridity thresholds, and population growth dynamics in China over the last millennium. Climate Research 39(2): 131-147. DOI: 10.3354/cr00816

LEE, H.F.*, Fok, L., and Zhang, D.D. (2008) Climatic change and Chinese population growth dynamics over the last millennium. Climatic Change 88(2): 131-156. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-007-9329-1

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2008) Perceiving the environment from the lay perspective in desertified areas, northern China. Environmental Management 41(2): 168-182. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-007-9052-8

Zhang, D.D.*, Brecke, P., LEE, H.F., He, Y.Q., and Zhang, J. (2007) Global climate change, war, and population decline in recent human history. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(49): 19214-19219. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0703073104

Zhang, D.D.*, Zhang, J., LEE, H.F., and He, Y.Q. (2007) Climate change and the war frequency in eastern China over the last millennium. Human Ecology 35(4): 403-414. DOI: 10.1007/s10745-007-9115-8

Zhang, D.D.*, Jim, C.Y., Lin, G.C.S., He, Y.Q., Wang, J.J., and LEE, H.F. (2006) Climate change, wars and dynastic cycles in China over the last millennium. Climatic Change 76(3-4): 459-477. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-005-9024-z

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2005) Perceiving land-degrading activities from the lay perspective in northern China. Environmental Management 36(5): 711-725. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-004-0218-3

Zhang, D.*, Jim, C.Y., Lin, C.S., He, Y.Q., and LEE, F. (2005) Climate change, social unrest and dynastic transition in ancient China. Chinese Science Bulletin 50(2): 137-144. DOI: 10.1007/BF02897517

章典*,詹志勇,林初升,何元庆,李峰 (2004) 气候变化与中国的战争、社会动乱和朝代变迁. 科学通报49(23): 2468-2474. DOI: 10.1360/csb2004-49-23-2468

LEE, H.F.* and Zhang, D.D. (2004) Perceiving desertification from the lay perspective in northern China. Land Degradation & Development 15(6): 529-542. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.638

Teaching Fields

  • Human geography
  • Climate-man relationship
  • Sustainable development

Research interests

  • Air pollution and related issues
  • Environmental perceptions and sustainability
  • Socio-economic and demographic impacts of climate change in ancient and recent human history
  • Historical epidemiology
  • Underlying mechanisms of climatic extremes

Services/ Posts

Member, Staff-Student Consultative Committee, GRM
Member, Admissions and School Partnership Committee, GRM
Member, Green Committee, GRM


Climate-human interactions

Social resilience to climate change

Global sustainability